This course introduces how major themes in economic history have been approached in research. Explorative methodologies versus hypothesis testing are discussed. Students will learn about the use and limitations of different methods through an examination of studies in the literature as well as through exercises. The problem of comparisons over longer historical periods and between countries is studied. Students will learn about the index number problem and various quantitative measures. Exercises are performed with the help of econometric software whereby students are trained in the use of quantitative tools such as descriptive statistics, correlation and regression analysis.